Chapter 79 Ascetism Yoga

बृहत्पाराशरहोराशास्त्रम् अध्यायः ७९ (प्रव्रज्यायोगाध्यायः)

अथ प्रव्रज्यायोगाध्यायः ॥ ७९॥

अथ विप्र प्रवक्ष्यामि योगं प्रव्रज्यकाभिधम् ।
प्रव्रजन्ति जना येन सम्प्रदायान्तरं गृहात् ॥ १॥

चतुरादिभिरेकस्थैः प्रव्रज्या बलिभिः समाः ।
रव्यादिभिस्तपस्वी च कपाली रक्तवस्त्रभृत् ॥ २॥

एकदण्डी यतिश्चक्रधरो निर्ग्रन्थिकः क्रमात् ।
ज्ञेया वीर्याधिकस्यैव सबलेषु बहुष्वपि ॥ ३॥

सूर्येणाऽस्तं गतास्ते चेदपि वीर्यसमन्विताः ।
अदीक्षितास्तदा ज्ञेया जनास्तद्गतभक्तयः ॥ ४॥

अस्तंगता निर्बलाश्चेत् सबलश्च रविर्यदा ।
तदा रविभवा ज्ञेया प्रव्रज्या द्विजसत्तम ॥ ५॥

जन्मभेशोऽन्यखेटैश्चेददृष्टः शनिमीक्षते ।
तयोर्बलवशात्तत्र प्रव्रज्यामाप्नुयान्नरः ॥ ६॥

निर्बलो जन्मभेशश्चेत् केवलेनार्किणेक्षितः ।
तदा शनिभवमेव प्रव्रज्यां आप्नुयाज्जनः ॥ ७॥

शनिदृक्काणसंस्थे च शनिभौमनवांशके ।
शनिदृष्टे विधौ ज्ञेया प्रव्रज्या शनिसम्भवा ॥ ८॥

कुजादिषु जयी शुक्रः सौम्यगो याम्यगोऽपि वा ।
जयी सौम्यगतश्चान्यः परस्परयुतौ भवेत् ॥ ९॥

प्रव्रज्याकारकः खेटो यद्यन्येन पराजितः ।
तदा लब्धां परिव्रज्यां परित्यजति तां पुनः ॥ १०॥

बहवो जन्मकाले चेत् प्रव्रज्याकारका ग्रहाः ।
बलतुल्यास्तदा तत्र प्रव्रज्या कतमा भवेत् ॥ ११॥

बहवो बलिनश्चेत् स्युः प्रव्रज्याकारका ग्रहाः ।
तदा प्राप्नोति सर्वेषां तेषां प्रव्रज्यकां ध्रुवम् ॥ १२॥

तत्तद्ग्रहदशाकाले प्रव्रज्यां याति तद्भवाम् ।
त्यक्त्वा गृहीतपूर्वां तामन्यां प्राप्नोति मानवः ॥ १३॥

दृष्टेष्विन्द्विज्यलग्नेषु शनिना नवमे गुरुः ।
राजयोगेऽत्र जातोऽसौ तीर्थिकृन्नऽत्र संशयः ॥ १४॥

धर्मस्थानगते मन्दे ग्रहदृष्टिविवर्जिते ।
राजयोगेऽत्र यो जातः स राजा दीक्षितो भवेत् ॥ १५॥

1. The Sage said. O Brahmin! Now I will describe to you the Yogas, leading to ascetism,
under the influence of which the persons give up their homes and become initiated in some
holy order.

2-3. The Yog for ascetism is formed, when four, or more Grahas, possessed of strength,
occupy a single Bhava. The person born will become a Tapasvi, a Kapali, he will be wearing
a red robe, be one, who keeps a Danda (staff), Yati, he will be keeper of a Chakr, or he will be
a naked Sanyasin, according to the Grah, which is the strongest of the group: Surya, Candr,
Mangal, Budh, Guru, Sukr, or Sani. If a number of Grahas are endowed with strength, the
holy order of the one, strongest amongst them, is accepted.

Notes. There is a similar verse in Varahamihir' s Brihat Jatak, which, translated into English
reads, as under. "If at birth, four, or more Grahas, possessed of strength, occupy a single
Bhava, the person born will become a Sakya, Jeevika, Bhikshu, a Vriddha, or Guru, a Charak,
a Nirgrantha, or Visava, a Vanyasana, or Vanaprastha, according to which of the Grahas is the
strongest Grah of the group: Mangal, Budh, Guru, Candr, Sukr, Sani, or Surya. If the
strongest Grah be conquered in planetary war by another Grah, or Grahas at the time of birth,
the person will relinquish that stage of ascetic life and review to his previous condition of
life." A Vanaprastha is a religious man, engaged in the practice of rigorous and devout
penance (i.e. he will be a Tapasvi); a Vivas is a naked ascetic (that is dwelling in hills and
forests). A Bhikshu is an illustrious ascetic with a single staff for his symbol, engaged ever
and anon in the contemplation of truths of the sacred scriptures. A Charak is a religious
mendicant, wandering over many countries. A Shakya is an ascetic of the Buddhist clan. A
Guru is a celebrated teacher, endowed with royal splendour. A Jeevika is a garrulous and
gluttonous mendicant.

4. If strong Grahas, capable of leading to ascetism, be obscure by Surya' s rays (that is they be
combust), the person born, in spite of having reverence for the holy order, will not become
initiated in that holy order.

Notes. Brihat Jatak adds in this connection, that, if the Grahas referred to above be overcome
in planetary war and be aspected by other Grahas, the person concerned will seek admission
into the holy order without success.

5. If the other Grahas lose their strength (in spite of being in their exaltation Rasis etc.), as a
result of combustion with Surya, the native will enter the holy order, as signified by Surya,
that is, he will become a Tapasvi.

6. If the Lord of the Rasi, occupied by Candr (Janm Rasi), having no aspect of other Grahas
on himself, aspects Sani, the native gets initiated into the holy order of the Grah, who is
stronger amongst the two.

7. If the Lord of the Rasi, occupied by Candr, be devoid of strength and is aspected only by
Sani, the native becomes initiated into the holy order, signified by Sani (Nirgranthas, naked
ascetics).

8. If Candr be in the decanate of Sani, or in the Navams of Sani, or Mangal and be aspected
by Sani, the native becomes an ascetic and enters the holy order, signified by Sani.

9. There is planetary war, if Mangal, Budh, Guru, Sukr and Sani are together (within one
degree of each other), Sukr is the conquerer, whether he is in North, or South, but amongst the
other four only one, who is in the North, is the conquerer and that in the South is considered
defeated in the planetary war.

10. If the Grah, who leads the native to ascetism, is conquered in planetary war by another
Grah, or Grahas at the time of birth, the person will relinquish the holy order, in which he
becomes initiated.

11. Maitreya asked. O Venerable Sage! If there be many Grahas, who are significators for
ascetism, then, which holy order the native will get initiated into?

12. Maharishi Parasara replied. O Brahmin! If all the Grahas be possessed of strength, the
native enters into the holy orders of all the Grahas.

13. The native gets initiated into the holy order of the Grah, whose Dasa gets into operation at
first. Then he relinquishes this holy order of this Grah at the commencement of the Dasa of
the next Grah and accepts the holy order, signified by him.

14. When Guru, Candr and Lagn are aspected by Sani and Guru occupies the 9 th , the person,
born in the Rajayog, will become a holy illustrious founder of a system of philosophy (holy
order).

15. When Sani occupies the 9 th from Lagn and is not aspected by any Grah, the person,
possessed of Rajayog, will take himself to the holy order, before becoming a Lord of men. If
there be no Rajayog the native becomes an ascetic (religious wanderer).