Chapter 75 Characteristic Features of Panchmahapurushas

बृहत्पाराशरहोराशास्त्रम् अध्यायः ७५ (पंचमहापुरुषलक्षणाध्यायः)

अथ पंचमहापुरुषलक्षणाध्यायः ॥ ७५॥

अथ वक्ष्याम्यहं पञ्चमहापुरुषलक्षणम् ।
स्वभोच्चगतकेन्द्रस्थैर्बलिभिश्च कुजादिभिः ॥ १॥

क्रमशो रुचको भद्रो हंसो मालव्य एव च ।
शशश्चैते बुधैः सर्वैर्महान्तः पुरुषाः स्मृताः ॥ २॥

दीर्घाननो महोत्साहो स्वच्छकान्तिर्महाबलः ।
चारुभ्रूर्नीलकेशश्च सुरुचिश्च रणप्रियः ॥ ३॥

रक्तश्यामोऽरिहन्ता च मन्त्रविच्चोरनायकः ।
क्रूरोभर्ता मनुष्याणां क्षामाऽङ्घ्रिर्द्विजपूजकः ॥ ४॥

वीणावज्रधनुःपाशवृषचक्राङ्कितः करे ।
मन्त्राभिचारकुशली दैर्ध्ये चैव शतांगुलः ॥ ५॥

मुखदैर्घ्यसमं मध्यं तस्य विज्ञैः प्रकीर्तितम् ।
तुल्यस्तुलासहस्रेण रुचको द्विजपुङ्गव ॥ ६॥

भुनक्ति विन्ध्यसह्याद्रिप्रदेशं सप्ततिं समाः ।
शत्रेण वह्निना वापि स प्रयाति सुरालयम् ॥ ७॥

शार्दूलप्रतिभह् पीनवक्षा गजगतिः पुमान् ।
पीनाजानुभुजः प्राज्ञश्चतुरस्रश्च योगवित् ॥ ८॥

सात्त्विकः शोभनांघ्रश्च शोभनश्मश्रुसंयुतः ।
कामी शङ्खगदाचक्रशरकुञ्जरचिह्नकैः ॥ ९॥

ध्वजलाङ्गलचिह्नैश्च चिह्नितांघ्रिकराम्बुजः ।
सुनासश्शास्त्रविद् धीरः कृष्णाकुञ्चितकेशभृत् ॥ १०॥

स्वतन्त्रः सर्वकार्येषु स्वजनप्रीणनक्षमः ।
ऐश्वर्यं भुज्यते चास्य नित्यं मित्रजनैः परैः ॥ ११॥

तुलया तुलितो भारप्रमितः स्त्रीसुतान्वितः ।
सक्षेमो भूपतिः पाति मध्यदेशं शतं समाः ॥ १२॥

हंसो हंसस्वरो गौरः सुमुखोन्नतनासिकः ।
श्लेष्मलो मधुपिङ्गाक्षो रक्तवर्णनखः सुधीः ॥ १३॥

पीनगण्डस्थलो वृत्तशिराः सुचरणो नृपः ।
मत्स्याऽङ्कुशधनुःशंखकञ्जखट्वाङ्गचिह्नकैः ॥ १४॥

चिह्नतांघ्रिकरः स्त्रीषु कामार्तो नैति तुष्टताम् ।
षण्ण्वत्यंगुलो दैर्घ्ये जलक्रीडारतः सुखी ॥ १५॥

गङ्गायमुनयोर्मध्यदेशं पाति शतं समाः ।
वनान्ते निधनं याति भुक्त्वा सर्वसुखं भुवि ॥ १६॥

समौष्ठः कृशमध्यश्च चन्द्रकान्तिरुचिः पुमान् ।
सुगन्धो नातिरक्ताङ्गो न ह्रस्वो नातिदीर्घकः ॥ १७॥

समस्वच्छरदो हस्तिनाद आजानुबाहुधृक् ।
मुखं विश्वांगुलं दैर्घ्ये विस्तारे च दशाङ्गुलम् ॥ १८॥

मालव्यो मालवाख्यं च देशं पाति ससिन्धुकम् ।
सुखं सप्ततिवर्षान्तं भुक्त्वा याति सुलालयम् ॥ १९॥

तनुद्विजमुखः शूरो नातिह्रस्वः कृशोदरः ।
मध्ये क्षामः सुजंघश्च मतिमान् पररन्ध्रवित् ॥ २०॥

शक्तो वनाद्रिदुर्गेषु सेनानीर्दन्तुरः शशः ।
चंचलो धातुवादी च स्त्रीशक्तोऽन्यधानान्वितः ॥ २१॥

मालावीणामृदङ्गाऽस्त्ररेखाङ्कितकरांघ्रिकः ।
भूपोऽयं वसुधा पाति जीवन् खाद्रिसमाः सुखी ॥ २२॥

1-2. The sage said. O Maitreya! Now I will relate to you the characteristic features of
Panchmahapurushas. When Mangal, Budh, Guru, Sukr and Sani, being in their own, or
exaltation Rasi, be in Kendra to Lagn, they give rise to Ruchaka, Bhadra, Hamsa, Malavya
and Sasa Yogas. These Yogas are called Panchmahapurusha Yogas and the persons, born in
these Yogas, are known Panchmahapurushas.

3-7. The Ruchaka native possesses a long face, he is very enthusiastic, has spotless lustre, is
powerful, has attractive brows, black hair and is fond of all things. He loves to fight wars, is
of dark-red complexion, is victorious over enemies, is discriminating, is protector of thieves
and has cruel temperament and slender thighs. He is a devotee of Brahmins, has marks of
Veena, Varg, Dhanus, Pasha and Vrasha Rasis in his hands along with Chakr Rekha. He is
well versed in occult sciences. He is 100 Anguls in height, his waste has the circumference,
equal to the length of his face and is 1000 Karshas in weight. He, as ruler of Sahyachala and
Vindhya Pradesh, dies, after attaining the age of 70, by fire or weapons.

Notes. The old Rupee had the weight of 1 Karsha. 4 Karshas are equal to one Pala and 300
Palas make one Tula, according to Amarkosha. 20 Tulas are equal to one Bhara.

8-12. The Bhadra native is splendourous, like a lion, has very developed chest (or chest with
well developed muscles), has the gait of an elephant, has long and thick arms, is learned in all
respects. He is well versed in Yog performance, is Sattva-Guni and has beautiful feet,
moustaches and head. He is fond of luxuries and comforts and has marks of Sankha (conch),
Chakr, Gada, arrow, elephant, Dhwaja (flag) and Hala (plough) in his hands and feet. He is
well versed in Shastras, has black and curly hair, possesses independent nature and is
protector of his family. His friends share in the enjoyment of his wealth. He is 20 tulas in
weight. He lives happily with his wife and children and, as ruler of Madhya Desha, lives for
one hundred years.

13-16. The Hamsa native has voice, like a Hamsa, has a handsome appearance and well
developed nose. He is a king with phlegmatic temperament, honey-like tawny-coloured eyes,
red-coloured nails, sharp intelligence, sturdy cheeks, round forehead and beautiful feet. He
has marks of Matsya (fish), Ankush (the iron hook, with which elephants are driven), Dhanus
(bow), Sankh, Kamal (lotus) in his hands and feet. He is very passionate and his lust remains
unfulfilled. He is 96 Anguls in height. He is fond of swimming and playing games in watery
places. He enjoys life fully and, as ruler of a land, situated between the Ganges and Yamuna,
dies after attaining the age of 100 years.

17-19. The Malavya native has beautiful lips and a slender waist. He is lustrous, like Candr,
and has fragrance in his body. He is of ordinary red complexion, has a medium stature and
clean and beautiful teeth. His voice is like that of an elephant and his arms are long enough to
reach up to his knees. His face is thirteen Anguls in length and ten Anguls in breadth. He lives
happily for seventy years, as ruler of Sindhu and Malwa, and then leaves for his heavenly
abode.

20-22. The Sasa native has small sized teeth and face, but his body is not small. He is
valorous. He has a slender waist and beautiful thighs. He is wise and enjoys wandering in
forests and mountains. He is well versed in the loopholes of the enemy. He is lively, virile and
fond of women. He usurps other people's wealth. He has marks of Mala (garland), Veena,
Mridanga (musical instruments) and weapons in his hands and feet. He rules happily over
several parts of the earth and then leaves for his heavenly abode at the age of 70.