Chapter 32 Karakatwas of the Planets

बृहत्पाराशरहोराशास्त्रम् अध्यायः ३२ (कारकाध्यायः)

अथ कारकाध्यायः॥३२॥
अथाऽहं सम्प्रवक्ष्यामि ग्रहानात्मादिकारकान्‌।
सप्तरव्यादिशन्यन्तान्‌ राह्वन्तान्‌ वाऽष्टसंख्यकान्‌॥ १॥

अंशैः समौग्नहौ द्वौ चेद्‌राह्वन्तन्‌ चिन्तयेत्‌ तदा।
सप्तैव कारकानेवं केचिदष्टौ प्रचक्षते॥ २॥

अत्मा सूर्यादिखेटानां मध्ये ह्यंशाधिको ग्रहः।
अंशसाम्ये कलाधिक्यात्‌ तत्साम्ये विकलाधिकः॥ ३॥

बुधौ राशिकलाधिक्यत्‌ ग्राह्वो नैवात्मकारकः।
अंशाधिकः कारकः स्यादल्पभागोऽन्त्यकारकः॥ ४॥

मध्यांशो मध्यखेटः स्यादुपखेटः स एव हि।
विलोमगमनाद्राहोरंशाः शोध्याः खवह्नितः॥ ५॥

अंशक्रमादधोऽधःस्थाश्चराख्याः कारका इति।
आत्माख्यकारकस्तेषु प्रधानं कथ्यते द्विज॥ ६॥

स एव जातकाधीशो विज्ञेयो द्विजसत्तम।
यथा भूमौ प्रसिद्धोऽस्ति नराणां क्षितिपालकः॥ ७॥

सर्ववार्ताधिकारी च बन्धकृन्मोक्षक्रत्‌ तथा॥ ८॥

यथा राजाज्ञया विप्रा पुत्रामात्यादयो जनाः।
समर्था लोककार्येषु तथैवान्येपि कारकाः॥ ९॥

आत्मानुकूलमेवात्र भवन्ति फलदायकः।
प्रतिकूले यथा भूपे सर्वेऽमात्यादयो द्विज॥ १०॥

कर्य कर्तुं मनुष्यानां न समर्था भवन्ति हि।
तथाऽत्मकारके क्रूरे नाऽन्ये स्वशुभदायकः॥ ११॥

अनुकूले नृपे यद्वत्‌ सर्वेऽमात्यादयो द्विज।
नाशुभं कुर्वते तद्वनान्ये स्वाशुभदायकाः॥ १२॥

आत्माकारकभागेभ्यो न्यूनांशोऽमात्यकारकः।
तस्मान्न्यूनांशको भ्राता तन्न्यूनोमातृसंज्ञकः॥ १३॥

तन्न्यूनांशः पितातस्मादल्पांशः पुत्रकारकः।
पुत्रान्न्यूनांशको ज्ञतिर्ज्ञातेर्न्यूनांशको हि यः॥ १४॥

स दारकारको ज्ञेयो निर्विशंके द्विजोत्तम।
चराख्यकारला एते ब्राह्मणा कथिताः पुरा॥ १५॥

मातृकारकमेवाऽन्ये वदन्ति सुतकारकम्‌।
द्वौ ग्रहौ भागतुल्यौ चेज्जायेतां यस्य जन्मनि॥ १६॥

तदग्रकारकस्यैवं लोपो ज्ञेयो द्विजोत्तम।
स्थिरकारकवशात्तस्य फलं ज्ञेयं शुभाऽशुभम्‌॥ १७॥

अधुना सम्प्रवक्ष्यामि स्थिराख्यान्‌ करकग्रहान्‌।
स पितृकारको ज्ञेयो यो बली रविशुक्रयोः॥ १८॥

चन्द्रारयोर्बली खेटो मातृकारक उच्यते।
भौमतो भगिनी श्यालः कनीयान्‌ जननीत्यपि॥ १९॥

बुधान्मातृसजातीया मातुलाद्याश्च बान्धवाः।
गुरोः पितामहः शुक्रात्‌ पितः पुत्रः शनैश्चरात्‌॥ २०॥

विप्रान्तेवासिनः पत्नी पितरौ श्वशुरौ तथा।
मातामहादयश्चिन्त्या एते च स्थिरकारका॥ २१॥

अथाऽहं कारकान्‌ वक्ष्ये खेटभाववशाद्‌द्विज।
रवितः पुन्यभे तातश्चन्द्रान्माता चतुर्थके॥ २२॥

कुजात्‌ तृतीयतो भ्राता बुधात्‌ षष्थे च मातुलः।
देवेज्यात्‌ पञ्चमात्‌ पुत्रो दाराः शुक्राच्च सप्तमे॥ २३॥

मन्दादष्टमतो मृत्युः पित्रादीनां विचिन्तयेत्‌।
इति सर्व विचार्यैव बुधस्तत्तत्‌ फलं वदेत्‌॥ २४॥

अथाऽहं सम्प्रवक्ष्यामि प्रसङ्गाद्योगकारकान्‌।
खेटान्‌ जन्मनि जातस्य मिश्रः स्थितिवशाद्‌ द्विज॥ २५॥

स्वर्क्षे स्वोच्चे च मित्रर्क्षे मिथः केन्द्रगता ग्रहाः।
ते सर्वे कारकास्तेषु कर्मगस्तु विशेषतः॥ २६॥

यथा लग्ने सुखे कामे स्वोर्क्षोच्चस्था ग्रहा द्विज।
भवन्ति कारकाख्यास्ते विशेषेण च खे स्थिताः॥ २७॥

स्वमित्रोच्चर्क्षगो हेतुरन्योऽन्यं यदि केन्द्रगः।
सुहृत्‌ तद्‌गुणसम्पन्नः सोऽपि कारक उच्यते॥ २८॥

नीचान्वयेऽपि यो जातः विद्यमाने च कारके।
सोऽपि राजमनो विप्र धनवान्‌ सुखसंयुतः॥ २९॥

राजवंशसमुत्पन्नो राजा भवति निश्चयात्‌।
एवं कुलानुसारेण कारकेभ्यः फलं वदेत्‌॥ ३०॥

अथाऽहं सम्प्रवक्ष्यामि विशेषं भावकारकान्‌।
जनस्य जन्मलग्नं यत्‌ विन्द्यादात्मकारकम्‌॥ ३१॥

धनभावं विजानीयाद्‌ दारकारकमेव हि।
एकादशेऽग्रजातस्य तृतीये तु कनीयसः॥ ३२॥

सुते सुतं विजानीयात्‌ पत्नीं सप्तमभावतः।
सुतभवे ग्रहो यः स्यात्‌ सोऽपि कारक उच्यते॥ ३३॥

सूर्यो गुरुः कुजः सोमो गुरुर्भौभः सितः शनिः।
गुरुश्चन्द्रसुतो जीवो मन्दश्च भवकारकाः॥ ३४॥

पुनस्तन्वादयो भावः स्थाप्यास्तेषां शुभाऽशुभम्‌।
लाभस्तृतीयो रन्ध्रश्च शत्रुसंज्ञधनव्ययाः॥ ३५॥

एते भावाः समाख्याताः क्रूराख्या द्विजसत्तम।
एषां योगेन यो भावस्तस्य हानिः प्रजायते॥ ३६॥

भावा भद्राश्च केन्द्रारव्याः कोणाख्यौ द्विजसत्तम।
एषां संयोगमात्रेण ह्वशुभोऽपि शुभो भवेत्‌॥ ३७॥

1-2. I now detail below Atma Karak etc., obtainable from among the 7 Planets, viz. Sun to Saturn. Some say, that Rahu will become a Karak, when there is a state of simil6thty in terms of longitude between (two) Planets. Yet some say, that the 8 Planets, including Rahu, will have to be considered irrespective of such a state.

3-8. Atma Karak Defined. Among the Planets from Sun etc. whichever has traversed maximum number of degrees in a particular Rāśi is called Atma Karak. If the degrees are identical, then the one with more minutes of arc and, if the minutes are also identical, then the one with higher seconds of arc, have to be considered. In that case these three are called Anthya Karak, Madhya Karak and Upakheta. In the case of Rahu deduct his longitude in that particular Rāśi from 30. The Karakas will have to be decided, as above and, as per further rules given below. Out of these Karakas, Atma Karak is the most important and has a prime say on the native, just as the king is the most famous among the men of his country and is the head of all affairs and is entitled to arrest and release men.

9-12. Importance of Atma Karak. O Brahmin, as the minister cannot go against the king, the other Karakas, viz. 5th Karak, Amatya Karak etc. cannot predominate over Atma Karak in the affairs of the native. If the Atma Karak is adverse, other Karakas cannot give their benefic effects. Similarly, if Atma Karak is favourable, other Karakas cannot predominate with their malefic influences.

13-17. Other Karakas. The Planet next to Atma Karak in terms of longitude is called Amatya Karak. Similarly following one another in terms of longitude are Bhratru Karak, Matru Karak, Pitru Karak, 5th Karak, Gnati Karak and Stri Karak. These are Char Karakas, or inconstant significators. Some consider Matru Karak and 5th Karak, as identical. If two Planets have the same longitude, both become the same Karak, in which case there will be a deficit of one Karak. In that circumstance consider constant significator in the context of benefic/malefic influence for the concerned relative.

18-21. Constant Karakatwas. I narrate below the constant Karakatwas, as related to the Planets. The stronger among Sun and Venus indicates the father, while the stronger among Moon and Mars indicates the mother. Mars denotes sister, brother-in-law, younger brother and mother. Mercury rules maternal relative, while Jupiter indicates paternal grand father. Husband and sons are, respectively, denoted by Venus and Saturn. From Ketu note wife, father, mother, parents-in law and maternal grand father. These are constant Karakatwas.

22-24. Houses Related. These constant significances are derivable from the Houses, counted from the said constant Karakatwas. The 9th from Sun denotes father, the 4th from Moon mother, the 3rd from Mars brothers, the 6th from Mercury maternal uncle, the 5th from Jupiter sons, the 7th from Venus wife and the 8th from Saturn death. The learned should consider all these and declare related effects accordingly.

25-30. Yoga Karakas. O Brahmin, I make below a passing reference to Yoga Karakas (mutual co-workers). Planets become Yoga Karakas, if they are in mutual angles identical with own Rāśis, exaltation Rāśis, or friendly Rāśis. In 10th House a Planet will be significantly so. Planets simply (not being in friendly, own, or exaltation Rāśis) in Lagna, 4th and 7th House do not become such Yoga Karakas. Even, if they be placed in other Houses, but with such dignities, as mentioned, shall become Yoga Karakas. With such Planets even a person of mean birth will become a king and be affluent. One born of royal scion, then will surely become a king. Thus the effects be declared, considering the number of such Planets and the order the native belongs to.

31-34. House Significance. I now narrate the significance of the Houses. 1st House denotes the soul (self), 2nd family, finance, wife etc., 3rd younger brothers/sisters, 5th progeny and 7th wife. It is also said, that a Planet in 5th becomes a Karak for wife. The Karakatwas of the House in order are Sun, Jupiter, Mars, Moon, Jupiter, Mars, Venus, Saturn, Jupiter, Mercury, Jupiter and Saturn.

35-37. O excellent of the Brahmins, after knowing the merits of 1st House etc. the good and bad effects can be
declared. 6th, 8th and 12th are Trikas, Dusthana, or malefic Houses. 3rd, 6th, 10th and 11th are Upachayas. 2nd, 5th, 8th and 11th are Panapharas and 3rd, 6th, 9th and 12th are Apoklimas. Association with Trikas will inflict evils. Kendras and Konas (5th and 9th) are auspicious Houses, the association with which turns even evil into auspiciousness.