Chapter 28 Isht and Kasht Balas

बृहत्पाराशरहोराशास्त्रम् अध्यायः २८ (अथेष्टकष्टाध्यायः)

अथेष्टकष्टाध्यायः॥२८॥
अथ चेष्टमनिष्टं च ग्रहानां कथयाम्यहम्‌।
यद्‌वशाच्च प्रयच्छन्ति शुभाऽशुभदशाफलम्‌॥ १॥

स्वनीचोनो ग्रह शोध्यः षड्‌भाधिक्ये भमण्डलात्‌।
सैको राशिर्भवेदुच्चरश्मिर्द्विघ्नांशसंयुतः॥ २॥

चेष्टाकेन्द्राच्च तद्रश्मिं साधयेदुच्चरश्मिवत्‌।
चेष्टाकेन्द्रं कुजादीनां पूर्वमुक्तं मया द्विज॥ ३॥

सायनार्कस्त्रिभोऽर्कस्य व्यर्केन्दुश्च विधोस्तथा।
चेष्टाकेन्द्रं रसाल्पं तच्चक्राच्छोध्यं रसाधिके॥ ४॥

चेष्टोच्चरश्मियोगार्धं शुभरश्मिः प्रकीर्त्यते।
अष्टभ्यश्च विशुद्धोऽसाबशुभाख्यश्च कथ्यते॥ ५॥

उच्चचेष्टाकरान्‌ व्येकान्‌ दिग्भिर्हत्वा तु योजयेत्‌।
तदर्धमिष्टसंज्ञं स्यात्‌ कष्टं तत्षष्टितश्च्युतम्‌॥ ६॥

स्वोच्चे मूलत्रिकोणे च स्वभेऽधिसुहृदीष्टभे।
समभे शत्रुभे चाधिशत्रुभे नीचभे क्रमात्‌॥ ७॥

षष्टिरिष्वब्धयस्त्रिंशदाकृतिस्तिथयो गजाः।
चत्वारो द्वौ च शून्यं च शुभमेतत्फलं गृहे॥ ८॥

षष्टितः पतितं चैतच्छेषं स्यादशुभं गृहे।
तदर्धमन्यवर्गेषु ज्ञेयं विप्र शुभाऽशुभम्‌॥ ९॥

पञ्चस्विष्टफलं चाद्यात्‌ समं षष्ठे ततः परम्‌।
अशुभं त्रिषु विज्ञेयमिति शास्त्रेषु निश्चितम्‌॥ १०॥

दिग्‌बलं दिक्‌फलं तस्य तथा दिनफलं भवेत्‌।
तयोः फलं शुभं प्रोक्तमशुभं षष्टितश्च्युतम्‌॥ ११॥

शुभेऽधिके शुभं ज्ञेयमशुभं त्वशुभेऽधिके।
दशाफलं नभोगस्य तथा भावफलं द्विज॥ १२॥

बलैः षड्‌भिः समोधित्वा बलैक्येन भजेत्‌ पृथक्‌।
तत्तद्‌बलफलानि स्युरशुभानि शुभानि च॥ १३॥

शुभपापफलाभ्यां च हन्याद्‌ दृष्टिं बलं तथा।
दृष्टी ते शुभपापाख्ये बले स्यातां तदाह्वये॥ १४॥

भावानां च फले प्रोक्ते पतीनां च फले उभे।
राशौ शुभनभोगश्चेद्‌ भावसाधनसंभवम्‌॥ १५॥

फलं तस्य शुभे युञ्ज्यादशुभे वर्जयेत्‌ तथा।
पापश्चेदन्यथा चैवं बले दृष्ट्यां तथैव च॥ १६॥

युञ्ज्यादुच्चादिगे खेटे फलं नीचादिगे त्यजेत्‌।
एवं शुभाऽशुभं ज्ञात्वा जातकस्य फलं वदेत्‌॥ १७॥

अष्टवर्गफलं चैवं स्थाने च करणेऽन्यथा।
राशिद्वयगते भावे तद्राश्यधिपतेः क्रिया॥ १८॥

स्थानाधिकेन भावेन भावलाभः प्रकीर्तितः।
तत्समाने च तद्‌भावे तदानीं स्थानदान्‌ ग्रहान्‌॥ १९॥

संयोज्ये स्थानसंख्याया दलमेतत्समं फलं।
एवं सखेटभावानां फलं ज्ञेयं शुभाऽशुभम्‌॥ २०॥

1. Now I narrate the benefic and malefic tendencies of the Planets, based on which the Dasha effects can be decided.

2. Exaltation Rays. Deduct the Planets debilitation point from its actual position. If the sum exceeds 6 Rāśis, deduct from 12 Rāśis. The said sum should then be increased by 1 Rāśi. The degrees etc. be multiplied by 2, which, when considered along with Rāśis, will indicate the Uchch Rasmi of the Planet.

3-4. Chesht Rasmi. Chesht Rasmis are to be calculated from Chesht Kendr similar to Uchch Rasmi computations. The Chesht Kendras of Planets from Marsto Saturn have already been explained. Add 3 Rāśis to Sayana Sun (i.e. with Ayanāńś), which will be the Chesht Kendr for Sun. The sidereal longitude of Sun should be deducted from Moon to get Moon’s Chesht Kendr. If the Chesht Kendr (for any Planet) is in excess of 6 Rāśis, deduct it from 12 Rāśis. Add 1 Rāśi and multiply the degrees etc. by 2, which will indicate the Chesht Rasmi of the Planet.

5. Benefic and Malefic Rays. Add the Uchch Rasmis and Chesht Rasmis together and divide by two. The result will be auspicious rays (Subh Rasmis). Deduct from 8 the Subh Rasmis to obtain inauspicious rays (Asubh Rasmis).

6. Isht and Kasht Tendencies. Reduce 1 from each of Chesht Rasmi and Uchch Rasmi. Then multiply the products by 10 and add together. Half of the sum will represent the Isht Phala (benefic tendency) of the Planet. Reduce Isht Phala from 60 to obtain the Planets Kasht Phala (malefic tendency).

7-9. Isht and Kasht and Sapt Varga Phal. 60, 45, 30, 22, 15, 8, 4, 2 and 0 are the Subhankas (Subha Griha Pankthis, benefic points), due to a Planets placement, respectively, in exaltation, Moolatrikona, own, great friends, friends, neutral, enemy, great enemy and debilitation Rāśi. If Subhanka is deducted from 60, Asubhanka (Asubh Pankthi, inauspicious points) will emerge. O Brahmin, in other Vargas these are halved.

10. A Planet is considered auspicious in the first five of the said places. In the sixth place it is neutral, i.e. neither good nor bad. And in the other three places it is inauspicious.

11-12. Nature of Effects, due to Dig Bala etc. The directional strength of a Planet is itself representative of the effects, due to the direction; and Kaal Bala itself is indicative of effects, due to the day. Whatever quantum of Dig Bala etc. are obtained by a Planet, will be the extent of auspicious effects, acquirable on account of that strength. Deducting those figures from 60, the extent of inauspiciousness is known. If auspiciousness is more in the case of a Planets strength, the Dasha and Houses, related to that Planet will be auspicious. These are converse, if inauspiciousness is predominant.

13-14. Sapt Varga Phal and Isht and Kasht (Continued). The various strengths (i.e. the other 6 Vargas) be multiplied by the respective Planets Shad Bala Pinda, which will indicate the auspiciousness of the Varga concerned. Auspicious, or inauspicious aspect will be by multiplying the Subh, or Asubh Pankthi. Similarly auspicious, or inauspicious effects will be known by multiplying the auspicious, or inauspicious strength by the respective Pankthi.

15-20. Effects of a House. The strength of a House and its Lord have already been explained. The actual effects will be a combination of House strength and its Lords strength. If there is a benefic in the House add the same to the auspicious effects and deduct from inauspicious effects, which will denote the inauspicious effects. If a malefic is in the House, reverse the process, i.e. add inauspicious effects and deduct auspicious effects. Similarly Aspects and Balaas. If a Planet is exalted, or with such a dignity, add auspicious effects and reduce inauspicious effects. For debilitation etc. it is converse. In Ashtak Varga add Bindus (auspicious points) and deduct Karanas (inauspicious points). If a House extends to two Rāśis, the rectification will be done, as per both the Lords. In that case, whichever Rāśi has more Bindus, that Rāśi will yield more favourable results, concerning that House. If both the Rāśis have more auspicious Bindus, take the average. Thus the auspicious and inauspicious effects of a House be understood.