Chapter 27 Evaluation of Strengths

बृहत्पाराशरहोराशास्त्रम् अध्यायः २७ (स्पष्टबलाध्यायः)

अथ स्पष्टबलाध्यायः॥२७॥
अथ स्पष्टबलं वक्ष्ये स्थानकालादिसम्भवम्‌।
नीचोनां खचरं भार्धाधिक चक्राद्‌ विशोधयेत्‌॥ १॥

भागीकृत्य त्रिभिर्भक्तं लब्धमुच्चबलं भवेत्‌।
स्वत्रिकोणस्वगेहाधिमित्रमित्रसमारिषु॥ २॥

अधिशत्रुगृहे चापि स्थितानां क्रमशो बलम्‌।
भूताब्धयः खाग्निनखास्तिथ्यो दश युगाः कराः॥ ३॥

एवं होरादृकाणाद्रिभागांकद्वादशांशजम्‌।
त्रिंशांशजं तदैक्यञ्च सप्तवर्गसमुद्‌भवम्‌॥ ४॥

शुक्रेन्दू समभांशेऽन्ये विषमेऽङ्‌घ्रिमितं बलम्‌।
केन्द्रादिषुस्थिताः खेटाः पूर्णाऽर्धाऽङ्‌घ्रिमितं क्रमात्‌॥ ५॥

आद्यमध्यावसानेषु द्रेष्काणेषु स्थिताः क्रमात्‌।
पुंनपुंसकयोषाख्या दद्युरङ्‌घ्रिमितं बलम्‌॥ ६॥

सूर्यात्‌ कुजात्‌ सुखं जीवाज्ज्ञाच्चाऽस्तं लग्नमार्क्रितः।
दशमं च भृगोश्चन्द्राद्‌ हित्वा षड्‌भाधिके सति॥ ७॥

चक्राद्‌ विशोध्य तद्‌भागास्त्रिभिर्भक्ताश्च दिग्‌बलम्‌।
इष्टाधटि निशीथात्तन्नतं त्रिंशच्च्युतं नतम्‌॥ ८॥

चन्द्रभौमशनीनां च नतं द्विघ्नं कलादिकम्‌।
षष्टिशुद्धं तदन्येषां सदा रूपं बुधस्य हि॥ ९॥

अथ पक्षबलं वक्ष्ये सूर्ये चन्द्राद्‌ विशोध्य च।
षड्‌भाधिके विशोध्यार्काद्‌ भागीकृत्त्य त्रिभिर्भजेत्‌॥ १०॥

पक्षजं बलमिन्दुज्ञशुक्रेज्यानां तु षष्टितः।
विशोध्य तब्दलं ज्ञेनं पापानां पक्षसंभवम्‌॥ ११॥

दिनत्र्यंशेषु सौम्यार्कशनीनां निट्‌त्रिभागके।
चन्द्रशुक्रकुजानां च बलं पूर्णं सदा गुरोः॥ १२॥

वषमासदिनेशानां तिथ्यस्त्रिंशच्छरार्णवां।
होरेशस्य बलं षष्टिरुक्तं नैसर्गिकं पुरा॥ १३॥

तन्मानां सप्तहृत्‌षष्टिरेकाद्येकोत्तरैर्हता।
शमंबुगुशुचंरादिखेटानां क्रमतो द्विज॥ १४॥

पञ्चाब्धयः सुराः सूर्याः खण्डकांशाः क्रमादमी।
सायनग्रहदोराशितुल्यखण्डयुतिश्च स॥ १५॥

भागादिकहतादेष्यात्‌ त्रिंशल्लब्धयुता लवाः।
स्वमृणं तुलमेषादौ शनीन्द्वोश्च त्रिराशिषु॥ १६॥

तथाऽरार्केज्यशुक्राणां व्यस्तं ज्ञस्य सदा धनम्‌।
तद्‌भागाश्च त्रिभिर्भक्ता ज्ञेयमायनजं बलम्‌॥ १७॥

यद्रवेरायनं वीर्यं चेष्टाख्यं तावदेव हि।
विधोः पक्षबलं यावत्‌ तावच्चेष्टाबलं स्मृतम्‌॥ १८॥

पापदृक्‌पादहीनं तच्छुभदृक्‌पादयुक्‌ तथा।
बलैक्यं ज्ञेज्यदृक्‌युक्तमेवं खेटबलं भवेत्‌॥ १९॥

अथ तारग्रहाणां तु युद्ध्यतोश्च द्वयोर्मिथः।
बलान्तरं विजेतुः स्वं निर्जितस्य बले त्वृणम्‌॥ २०॥

चक्रानुवक्रा विकला मन्दा मन्दतरा समा।
चरा चाऽतिचरा चेति ग्रहाणामष्टधा गतिः॥ २१॥

षष्टिर्वक्रगते वीर्यमनुवक्रगतेर्दलम्‌।
पादो विकलभुक्तेः स्यात्‌ तथा मध्यगतेर्दलम्‌॥ २२॥

पादो मन्दगतेस्तस्य दलं मन्दतरस्य हि।
चरभुक्तेस्तु पादोनां दलं स्यादतिचारिणः॥ २३॥

मध्यमस्फुटयोगार्धहीनं स्वस्वचलोच्चकम्‌।
षड्‌भाधिकं च्युतं चक्राच्चेष्टाकेन्द्रं स्मृतं कुजात्‌॥ २४॥

भागीकृतं त्रिभिर्भक्तं लब्धं चेष्टाबलं त्विति।
स्थानदिक्कालदृक्‌चेष्टानिसर्गोत्थं च षड्‌विधम्‌॥ २५॥

एवं ग्रहबलं प्रोक्तमथ भावबलं श्रृणु।
कन्यायुग्मतुलाकुम्भचापाद्यार्धाश्च सप्तमम्‌॥ २६॥

गोऽजसिंहमृगाद्यार्धचापान्त्यार्धात्‌ सुखं त्यजेत्‌।
कर्कवृश्चिकतो लग्नं मृगात्यार्धाज्झषाश्च खम्‌॥ २७॥

शोध्यमङ्गाधिकं चक्राच्च्युतं भागीकृतं त्रिहृत्‌।
सद्‌दृष्टिपादयुक्‌पापपापदृष्टिपादविवर्जितम्‌॥ २८॥

ज्ञेज्यदृष्टियुतं तच्च स्वस्वस्वामिबलान्वितम्‌।
इति भावबलं स्पष्टं सामान्यं च पुरोदितम्‌॥ २९॥

बुधेज्ययुक्तभावस्य बलमेकेन संयुतम्‌।
मन्दाररवियुक्तस्य बलमेकेन वर्जितम्‌॥ ३०॥

दिने शीर्षोदयो भावः सन्ध्यायामुभयोदयः।
निशि पृष्ठोदयाख्यश्च दद्यात्‌ पादमितं बलम्‌॥ ३१॥

अंकाग्नयोऽङ्गरामाश्च खाग्नया करसिन्धवः।
नवाग्नयः सुरास्त्रिंशद्‌ दशसंगुणिताः क्रमात्‌॥ ३२॥

रव्यादीनां बलैक्यश्चेत्‌ तदा सुबलिनो मताः।
अधिकं पूर्णमेव स्याद्‌ बलं चेद्‌बलिनो द्विज॥ ३३॥

गुरुसौम्यरवीणां तु भूतषट्‌केन्दवो द्विज।
पंचाग्नयः खभूतानि करभूमिसुधाकराः॥ ३४॥

खाग्नयश्च क्रमात्स्थानदिक्‌चेष्टासमयाऽयने।
सितेन्द्वोस्त्र्यग्निचन्द्राश्च खेषवः खाग्नयः शतम्‌॥ ३५॥

चत्वारिंशत्‌ कला भौममन्दयोः षण्णव क्रमात्‌।
त्रिंशत्‌ खवेदाः सप्ताङ्गा नखाश्चेत्युदिता द्विज॥ ३६॥

एवं कृत्वा बलैक्यंच ततश्चिन्त्यम् फलं द्विज।
भावस्थानग्रहैः प्रोक्तयोगे ये योगहेतवः॥ ३७॥

तेषां मध्ये बली कर्ता स एवाऽस्य फलप्रदः।
योगेष्वाप्तेषु बहुषु नीतिरेवं प्रकीर्तिता॥ ३८॥

गणितेषु प्रवीणो यः शब्दशास्त्रे कृतश्रमः।
न्यायविद्‌ बुद्धिमान्‌ देशदिक्कालज्ञो जितेन्द्रियः॥ ३९॥

ऊहापोहपटुर्होरास्कन्धश्रवणसम्मतः।
मैत्रेय सत्यतां यादि तस्य वाक्यं न संशयः॥ ४०॥

Shad Bala consists of the following: Sthan Bala (positional), Dig Bala (directional), Kaal Bala (Temporal), inclusive of Ayan Bala (equinoctial), Chesht Bala (motional), Naisargika Bala (natural), Drik Bala (aspectual). These strengths are computed for the seven Planets from Sun to Saturn. The nodes are not considered.

Sthan Bala comprises of the following considerations: Uchch Bala (exaltation), Sapt Vargaaj Bala (strength accruing out of positions in Rāśi, Hora, Dreshkan, Saptāńś, Navāmśa, Dvadashāńś and Trimshāńś), OjhayugmaRāśiāńś Bala (acquired by placement in odd, or even Rāśi and in odd, or even Navāmśa), Kendradi Bala (due to placement in Kon, or Panaphara, or Apoklima House), Dreshkan Bala (due to placement in first, second, or third decanate of a Rāśi).

Kaal Bala comprises of the following subdivisions: Nathonnata Bala (diurnal and nocturnal), Paksh Bala (fortnight), Tribhag Bala (due to day/night being made in 3 parts), Varsh, Maas, Dina and Hora Bala (Varsh - astrological year, Maas - month, Dina - weekday and Hora - planetary hour), Ayan Bala (equinoctial), Yudhdh Bala (due to partaking in war between Planets).

1-1. Sthan Bala (up to Sloka 6). Firstly Uchch Bala. Now about the strengths by classes positional, temporal etc. Deduct from the longitude of the Planet its (deep) debilitation point. If the sum is less than 6 Rāśis, consider it, as it is; if it exceeds 6 Rāśis, deduct the same from 12 Rāśis. The sum so got be converted into degrees etc. and divided by 3, which is the Planets Uchch Bala in Virupas.

2-4. Sapt Vargaaj Bala. If a Planet is in its Moolatrikona Rāśi, it gets 45 Virupas, in Svasth Rāśi 30 Virupas, in Pramudit Rāśi 20 Virupas, in Shant Rāśi 15 Virupas, in Din Rāśi 10 Virupas, in Dukhita Rāśi 4 Virupas and in Khal Rāśi 2 Virupas. Similarly these values occur for the other 6 divisional occupations, viz. Hora, Dreshkan, Saptāńś, Navāmśa, Dvadashāńś and Trimshāńś. When all these are added together the Planets Sapt Vargaaj Bala emerges.

4. OjhayugmaRāśiāńś Bala. Each of Venus and Moon in even Rāśis and others in odd Rāśis acquire a quarter of Rupa. These are applicable to such Navāmśaas also.

5. Kendradi Bala. A Planet in a Kon gets full strength, while one in Panaphara House gets half and the one in Apoklima House gets a quarter, as Kendradi Bala.

6. Dreshkan Bala. Male, female and hermaphrodite Planets, respectively, get a quarter Rupa according to placements in the first, second and third decanates.

7-7. Dig Bala. Deduct 4th House (Nadir) from the longitudes of Sun and Mars, 7th House from that of Jupiter and Mercury, 10th House from that of Venus and Moon and lastly Lagna from that of Saturn. If the sum is above 180 degrees, deduct the sum from 360. The sum arrived in either way be divided by 3, which will be Dig Bala of the Planet.

8-9. Kaala Bala (up to Sloka 17). Firstly Nathonnata Bala. Find out the difference between midnight and the apparent birth time, which is called Unnata. Deduct Unnata from 30 Ghatis to obtain Nata. Double the Nata in Ghatis, which will indicate identical Nata Bala for Moon, Mars and Saturn. Deduct the Nata from 60 to know the Unnata Bala of Sun, Jupiter and Venus. Mercury, irrespective of day and night, gets full Nathonnata Bala.

10-11. Paksh Bala. Deduct from Moon’s longitude that of Sun. If the sum exceeds 6 Rāśis, deduct the same from 12. The product so obtained be converted into degrees etc. and divided by 3, which will indicate the Paksh Bala of each of the benefic Planets. The Paksh Bala of benefic should be deducted from 60, which will go to each malefic, as Paksh Bala.

12. Tribagh Bala. One Rupa is obtained by Mercury in the first 1/3 part of day time, by Sun in the second 1/3 part of the day and by Saturn in the last 1/3 part of the day. Similarly Moon, Venus and Mars get full Bala in the first, second and last 1/3 parts of the night. Jupiter gets this Bala at all times.

13. Varsh-Maas-Dina-Hora Bala. 15, 30, 45 and 60 Virupas are in order given to Varsh Lord, Maas Lord, Dina Lord and Hora Lord. Naisargika Bala has already been explained.
The Varsh Lord is the Lord of the day, on which the astrological year of birth starts. To calculate this we first need the number of days, past from the beginning of Creation, the Ahargan. According to late Rev. Ebenezer Burgess, who translated Sun Sid2ndta in English, as on January 1, 1860, the number of days, past from the beginning of Creation are 714,404,108,573. Divide the number of days, past from the day of Creation till the day of birth, by 60. Reject remainder and multiply the quotient by 3. Increase the post-multiplied product by 1 and divide by 7. The remainder will indicate the week day, on which the astrological year, giving birth to the native, opened. Remainder 1 indicates Sunday, 2 Monday and so on.

Maasa Lord. Divide the same Ahargan by 30 and the quotient indicates months, passed from Creation to birth. The completed months be multiplied by 2 and increased by 1. The latter sum should be divided by 7 and the remainder indicates, on which day the birth month began. Continuing with the same case, we divide 65295 by 30. Quotient is 2176. This sum multiplied by 2 and increased by 1 denotes 4353. Dividing 4353 by 7, we get a remainder of 6, denoting Friday. That is, the month of birth began on Friday and the Maas Bala goes to Venus, the Lord of Friday.

Dina Lord. Though the week day of birth can be known from ephemeris, or perpetual calendars, we better adopt the method prescribed, which will confirm, if the Ahargan followed is correct. The number of days, as arrived above, indicating Ahargan, be divided by 7 and the remainder will indicate the week day of birth.

Hora Bala. Hora means planetary hour. Each day from sunrise to sunrise is divided into 24 equal parts of one hour. These Horas are ruled by the 7 Planets from Sun to Saturn. The first Hora of the day is ruled by the Lord of the week day. The 2nd one is ruled by the Lord of the 6th week day, counted from the first ruler. The 3rd Hora is ruled by the Lord of the 6th week day, counted from the 2nd Hora Lord. Similarly it proceeds in the same manner, till the first Hora of the next day is taken over by the Lord of that day himself. Whichever Planet rules the birth Hora, gets the Hora Bala. Horas are to be calculated for mean local time and not standard time of births.

14. Naisargika Bala. Divide one Rupa by 7 and multiply the resultant product by 1 to 7 separately, which will indicate the Naisargika Bala, due to Saturn, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, Moon and Sun, respectively.

15-17. Ayan Bala. 45, 33 and 12 are the Khandas for calculating Ayan Bala. Add Ayanāńś to the Planet and find out the Bhuja (distance from the nearest equinox). Add the figure, corresponding to the Rāśi (of the Bhuja) to the Bhuja. The degrees etc. of the Bhuja should be multiplied by the figure, corresponding to the highest of the left out Khandas and divided by 30. Add the resultant product to the sum, obtained earlier. Convert this to Rāśi, degrees, minutes and seconds. If Moon and Saturn are in Libra, or ahead, add to this 3 Rāśis and, if in Aries to Virgo, reduce from this 3 Rāśis. Similarly it is reverse for Sun, Mars, Venus and Jupiter. For Mercury 3 Rāśis are always additive. The resultant sum in Rāśi, degrees and minutes be divided by 3 to get the Ayan Bala in Rupas.

Notes by Santanam. Ayan Bala can be found out on the following simple formula: Ayan Bala = 60*(23-27 + Kranti)/(46-54) = (23-27 ± Kranti)*1.2793. The following points have to be remembered in respect of Krantis. When Moon, or Saturn have southern Kranti, or, when Sun, Mars, Jupiter, or Venus have northern Kranti, take plus. In a contrary situation in respect of these 6 Planets, take minus. As far as Mercury is concerned, it is always plus. Krantis (or declinations) can be ascertained from a standard modern ephemeris.
Sun’s Ayan Bala is again multiplied by 2 whereas for others the product arrived in Virupas is considered, as it is. 18. Motional Strength for Sun and Moon. Sun’s Chesht Bala will correspond to his Ayan Bala. Moon’s Paksh Bala will itself be her Chesht Bala. 19. Drik Bala. Reduce one fourth of the Aspect Pinda, if a Planet receives malefic Aspects and add a fourth, if it receives a Aspect from a benefic. Super add the entire Aspect of Mercury and Jupiter to get the net strength of a Planet.

20. War Between Planets (graha yuddha). Should there be a war between the starry Planets, the difference between the Shad Balaas of the two should be added to the victors Shad Bala and deducted from the Shad Bala of the vanquished.

21-23. Motions of Planets (Mars to Saturn). Eight kinds of motions are attributed to Planets. These are Vakr (retrogression), Anuvakr (entering the previous Rāśi in retrograde motion), Vikala (devoid of motion), Mand (somewhat slower motion than usual), Mandatar (slower than the previous), Sama (somewhat increasing in motion), Char (faster than Sama) and Atichar (entering next Rāśi in accelerated motion). The strengths, allotted due to such 8 motions are 60, 30, 15, 30, 15, 7.5, 45 and 30. 24-25. Motional Strength for Mars etc. Add together the mean and true longitudes of a Planet and divide the one by two. Reduce this sum from the Seeghroch (or apogee) of the Planet. The resultant product will indicate the Cheshta Kendra (or Seeghra Kendra) of the Planet from 12 Rāśis. The Rāśi, degrees and minutes so arrived should be converted into degrees, minutes etc. and divided by 3, which will denote the motional strength of the Planet. Thus there are six sources of strength, called Sthan Bala, Dig Bala, Kaal Bala, Drik Bala, Chesht Bala and Naisargika Bala.

26-29. House Balaas. Thus I explained about the strengths of the Planets. Deduct 7th House from the House, if the House happens to be in Virgo, Gemini, Libra, Aquarius, or the first half of Sagittarius. If Aries, Taurus, Leo, or first half of Capricorn, or the second half of Sagittarius happen to be the House, deduct 4th House from it. Should the House be in Cancer, or in Scorpio, deduct from it Lagna. Deduct 10th House from the House, happening to fall in Capricorn second half, or Pisces. Convert the product so obtained into degrees etc. and divide by 3 to get House Bala. If the Balaance in the process of deducting Nadir, Meridian, Lagna, or 7th exceeds 6 Rāśis, deduct it again from 12 Rāśis, before converting into degrees and dividing by 3. The product after division should be increased by one fourth, if the House in question receives a benefic Aspect. If the House receives a malefic Aspect, one fourth should be reduced. If Jupiter, or Mercury give a Aspect to a House, add that Planets Drik Bala also. And then superadd the strength, acquired by the Lord of that House. This will be the net House Bala.

30-31. Special Rules. The Houses, occupied by Jupiter and Mercury will each get an addition of 1 Rupa, while each of the Houses, occupied by Saturn, Mars and Sun, suffer 1 Rupa reduction. 15 Virupas will have to be added to the Houses, falling in Seershodaya Rāśis, if birth happens to be in day time, to the Houses, falling in Dual Rāśis, if birth happens to be in twilight and to the Houses, falling in Prishtodaya Rāśis, if birth be in night time.

32-33. Shad Bala Requirements. 390, 360, 300, 420, 390, 330 and 300 Virupas are the Shad Bala Pindas, needed for Sun etc. to be considered strong. If the strength exceeds the above-mentioned values, the Planet is deemed to be very strong. If a Planet has the required Shad Bala, it will prove favourable to the native by virtue of its strength. However, Saturn’s extreme strength will give long life as well as miseries. 34-36. Jupiter, Mercury and Sun are strong, if each of their Sthan Bala, Dig Bala, Kaal Bala, Chesht Bala and Ayan Bala are, respectively, 165, 35, 50, 112 and 30 Virupas. The same required for Moon and Venus are 133, 50, 30, 100 and 40. For Mars and Saturn these are 96, 30, 40, 67 and 20.

37-38. House Effects. O Brahmin, thus the various sources of strengths be gathered together and effects declared. Whatever Yogas, or effects have been stated with respect to a House, will come to pass through the strongest Planet.

39-40. Eligibility of Issue Fruitful Predictions. O Maitreya, the words of one, who has achieved skill in mathematics, one, who has put in industrious efforts in the branch of grammar, one, who has knowledge of justice, one, who is intelligent, one, who has knowledge of geography, space and time, one, who has conquered his senses, one, who is skilfully logical (in estimation) and one, who is favourable to Jyotishya, will doubtless be truthful.