BPHS Chapter 4 Zodiacal Rashis Described

बृहत्पाराशरहोराशास्त्रम् अध्यायः ४ (राशिस्वरूपाध्यायः)
Brihat Parashara Hora Shashtra Chapter 4 (Zodiacal Rashis Described)

अहोरात्रस्य पूर्वान्त्यलोपाद्‌ होराऽवशिष्यते। तस्य विज्ञानमात्रेण जातकर्मफलं वदेत्‌॥ १॥

यदव्यक्तात्मको विष्णुः कालरुपो जनार्दनः। तस्याङ्गानि निबोध त्वं क्रमान्मेषादिराश्यः॥ २॥

मेषो वृषश्च मिथुनः कर्कसिंहकुमारिकाः। तुलालिऽश्च धनुर्नक्रे कुम्भो मीनस्ततः परम्‌॥ ३॥

शीर्षानने तथा बाहू हृत्क्रोडकटिबस्तयः। गुह्योरुयुगले जानुयुग्मे वै जङ्‌घके तथा॥ ४॥

चरनौ द्वौ तथा मेषात्‌ ज्ञेयाः शीर्षादयः क्रमात्‌। चरस्थिरद्विस्वभावाः क्रूराक्रूरौ नरस्त्रियौ॥ ५॥

पित्तानिलत्रिधात्वौक्यश्लेष्मिकाश्च क्रियादयः। रक्तवर्णो बृहद्‌गात्रश्चतुष्पाद्रात्रिविक्रमी॥ ६॥

पूर्ववासी नृपज्ञातिः शैलचारी रजोगुणी। पृष्ठोदयी पावकी च मेषराशिः कुजाधिपः॥ ७॥

श्वेतः शुक्राधिपो दीर्घश्चतुष्पाच्छर्वरीबली। याम्येट्‌ ग्राम्यो वणिग्भूमिरजः पृष्ठोदयो वृषः॥ ८॥

शीर्षोदयी नृमिथुनं सगदं च सवीणकम्‌। प्रत्यग्‌वायुर्द्विपाद्रात्रिबली ग्रामव्रजोऽनिली॥ ९॥

समगात्रो हरिद्विर्णो मिथुनाख्यो बुधाधिपः। पाटलो वनचारी च ब्राह्मणो निशि वीर्यवान्‌॥ १०॥

बहुपादचरः स्थौल्यतनुः सत्त्वगुणी जली। पृष्ठोदयी कर्कराशिर्मृगांकाऽधिपतिः स्मृतः॥ ११॥

सिंहः सूर्याधिपः सत्त्वी चतुष्पात्‌ क्षत्रियो वनी। शीर्षोदयी बृहद्‌गात्रःपाण्डुः पूर्वेड्‌ द्युवीर्यवान्‌॥ १२॥

पार्वतीयाथ कन्याख्या राशिर्दिनबलान्विता। शीर्षोदया च मध्यांगा द्विपाद्याम्यचरा च सा॥ १३॥

सा सस्यदहना वैश्या चित्रवर्णा प्रभञ्जिनी। कुमारी तमसा युक्ता बालभावा बुधाधिपा॥ १४॥

शीर्षोदयी द्युवीर्याढ्यस्तुलः कृष्णो रजोगुणी। पश्चिमो भूचरो घाती शूद्रो मध्यतनुर्द्विपात्‌॥ १५॥

शुक्राऽधिपोऽथ स्वल्पांगो बहुपाद्‌ब्राह्मणो बिली। सौम्यस्थो दिनवीर्याढ्यः पिशंगो जलभूवः॥ १६॥

रोमस्वाढ्योऽतितीक्ष्णाग्रो वृश्चिकश्च कुजाधिपः। पृष्ठोदयी त्वथ धनुर्गुरुस्वामी च सात्त्विकः॥ १७॥

पिंगलो निशिवीर्याढ्यः पावकः क्षत्रियो द्विपाद्‌। आदावन्ते चतुष्पादः समगात्रो धनुर्धरः॥ १८॥

पूर्वस्थो वसुधाचारी तेजस्वी ब्रह्मणा कृतः। मन्दाधिपस्तमी भौमी याम्येट्‌ च निशि वीर्यवान्‌॥ १९॥

पृष्ठोदयी बृहद्‌गात्रः कर्बुरो वनभूचरः। आदौ चतुष्पदोन्ते तु विपदो जलगो मतः॥ २०॥

कुम्भः कुम्भी नरो बभ्रुवर्णो मध्यतनुर्द्विपात्‌। द्युवीर्यो जलमध्यस्थो वातशीर्षोदयी तमः॥ २१॥

शूद्रः पश्चिमदेशस्य स्वामी दैवाकरिः स्मृतः। मीनौ पुच्छास्यसंलग्नौ मीनराशिर्दिवाबली॥ २२॥

जली सत्त्वगुणाढ्यश्च स्वस्थो जलचरो द्विजः। अपदो मध्यदेही च सौम्यस्थो ह्युभयोदयी॥ २३॥

सुराचार्याधिपश्चेति राशीनां गदिता गुणाः। त्रिंशद्‌भागात्मकानां च स्थूलसूक्ष्मफलाय च॥ २४॥

अथातः सम्प्रवक्ष्यामि शृणुष्व मुनिपुंगव। जन्मलग्नं च संशोध्य निषेकं परिशोधयेत्‌॥ २५॥

तदहं संप्रवक्ष्यामि मैत्रेय त्वं विधारय। जन्मलग्नात्‌ परिज्ञानं निषेकं सर्व्जन्तु यत्‌॥ २६॥

यस्मिन्‌ भावे स्थितो मन्दस्तस्य मान्देर्यदन्तरम्‌। लग्नभाग्यान्तरं योज्यं यच्च राश्यादि जायते॥ २७॥

मासादि तन्मितं ज्ञेयं जन्मतः प्रक्‌ निषेकजम्‌। यद्यदृश्यदलेङ्गेशस्तदेन्दोर्भुक्तभागयुक्‌॥ २८॥

तत्काले साधयेल्लग्नं शोधयेत्‌ पूर्ववत्तनुम्‌। तस्माच्छुभाशुभं वाच्यं गर्भस्थस्य विशेषतः॥ २९॥

शुभाशुभं वदेत्‌ पित्रोर्जीवनं मरणं तथा। एवं निषेकलग्नेन सम्यग्‌ ज्ञेयं स्वकल्पनात्‌॥ ३०॥

1-2. Importance of Hora. The word Hora is derived from Ahoratr after dropping the first and last syllables. Thus Hora (Lagna as) remains in between Ahoratr (i.e. day and night) and after knowing Hora the good and bad effects of a native be known. Śrī Vishnu, the Invisible is Time personified. His limbs are the 12 Rāśis, commencing from Aries. 3. Names of Rāśis. The 12 Rāśis of the zodiac in order are Aries, Taurus, Gemini, Cancer, Leo, Virgo, Libra, Scorpio, Sagittarius, Capricorn, Aquarius and Pisces.
4-4. Limbs of Kaal Purush. Kaal Purush (or Time personified) has his limbs, as under with reference to the 12 Rāśis, respectively: Head, face, arms, heart, stomach, hip, space below navel, privities, thighs, knees, ankles and feet.
5-5. Classification of Rāśis. Movable, Fixed and Dual are the names given to the 12 Rāśis in order. These are again known, as malefic and benefic, successively. Similarly are male and female. Aries, Leo and Sagittarius are bilious. Taurus, Virgo and Capricorn are windy. Gemini, Libra and Aquarius are mixed, while the rest are phlegmatic.
6-7. Aries described. The Aries is blood-red in complexion. lt has a prominent (big) physique. It is a quadruped Rāśi and strong during night. It denotes courage. It resides in the East and is related to kings. It wanders in hills and predominates in Rajo-Gun (the second of the three constituent qualities and the cause of great activity in living beings). It rises with its back (a Prishtodaya Rāśi) and is fiery. Its ruler is Mars.
8. Taurus described. Taurus complexion is white and it is lorded by Venus. It is long and is a quadruped Rāśi. It has strength in night and resides in the South. It represents villages and businessmen. An earthy Rāśi, Taurus rises with its back.
9-9. Gemini described. The Rāśi Gemini rises with its head and represents a male and a female, holding a mace and lute. It lives in the West and is an airy Rāśi. It is a biped Rāśi as well and is strong in nights. It lives in villages and is windy in temperament. It has an even body with a green (grass like) hue. Its ruler is Mercury.
10-11. Cancer described. The Rāśi Cancer is pale-red. It resorts to forests and represents Brahmins. It is strong in nights. It has many feet (i.e. it is a centipede Rāśi) and has a bulky body. It is Sattvic in disposition (seen in gods) and it is a watery Rāśi. It rises with its back and is ruled by Moon.
12. Leo described. Leo is ruled by Sun and is Sattvic. It is a quadruped Rāśi and a royal Rāśi. It resorts to forests and rises with its head. It has a large, white body. It resides in the East and is strong during daytime.
13-14. Virgo described. This Rāśi is a hill-resorter and is strong in daytime. It rises with its head and has a medium build. It is a biped Rāśi and resides in the South. It has grains and fire in its hands. It belongs to the business community and is v6thegated. It relates to hurricanes (Prabharanjani). It is a Virgin and is Tamasic (a disposition of demons). Its ruler is Mercury.
15-16. Libra described. Libra is a Seershodaya Rāśi, rising with its head; Libra is strong in daytime. It is black in complexion and is predominant with Rajo-Gun. It relates to the western direction and resorts to land. It is destructive, or mischievous (Dhatin). It represents Sudras, or the 4th Varna. It has a medium build physique and is a biped Rāśi. Its Lord is Venus. Scorpio described. Scorpio has a slender physique and is a centipede Rāśi. It denotes Brahmins and resides in holes. Its direction is north and it is strong in daytime. It is reddish-brown and resorts to water and land. It has a hairy physique and is very sharp (or passionate). Mars is its ruler.
17-18. Sagittarius described. The Rāśi Sagittarius rises with its head and is lorded by Jupiter. It is a Sattvic Rāśi and is tawny in hue. It has strength in night and is fiery. A royal Rāśi, Sagittarius is biped in first half. Its second half is quadruped. It has an even build and adores an arch. It resides in the East, resorts to land and is splendorous.
19-20. Capricorn described. Capricorn is lorded by Saturn and has predominance of Tamo-Gun (a disposition, seen in demons). It is an earthy Rāśi and represents the southern direction. It is strong in nights and rises with back. It has a large body. Its complexion is v6thegated and it resorts to both forests and lands. Its first half is quadruped and its second half footless, moving in water.
21-21. Aquarius described. The Rāśi Aquarius represents a man holding a pot. Its complexion is deep-brown. It has medium build and is a biped Rāśi. It is very strong in daytime. It resorts to deep water and is airy. It rises with its head and is Tamasic. It rules Sudras, the 4th Varna and the West. Its Lord is Saturn, Sun’s offspring. 22-24. Pisces described. Pisces resembles a pair of fish, one tailed with the head of the other. This Rāśi is strong at night. It is a watery Rāśi and is predominant with Sattva-Gun. It denotes resoluteness and is a water-resorter. It is footless and has a medium build. It rules the North and rises with both head and back. It is ruled by Jupiter. This is how the twelve Rāśis, each of 30 degrees extent, are described to evaluate gross and specific effects.
25-30. Nishek Lagna. O excellent of Brahmins, now is a step explained to arrive at the Nishek Lagna, when the natal Lagna is known. Note the angular distance between Saturn and Mandi (Gulika). Add this to the difference between the Lagna House (Madhya, or cusp) and the 9th House (cusp). The resultant product in Rāśis, degrees etc. will represent the months, days etc. that elapsed between Nishek and birth. At birth, if Lagna Lord is in the invisible half (i.e. from Lagna cusp to descendental cusp), add the degrees etc., Moon moved in the particular Rāśi, occupied by her, to the above-mentioned product. Then Lagna at Nishek can be worked out and the good and bad, experienced by the native in the womb, can be guessed. One can also guess with the help of Nishek Lagna effects, like longevity, death etc. of the parents.