BPHS Chapter 3 Planet Characters & Description

बृहत्पाराशरहोराशास्त्रम् अध्यायः ३ (ग्रहगुणस्वरूपाध्यायः)
Brihat Parashara Hora Shashtra Chapter 3 (Planet Characters & Description)

कथितं भवता प्रेम्णा ग्रहावतरणं मुने। तेषं गुणस्वरूपाद्यं कृपया कथ्यतां पुनः॥ १॥

1. Maitreya: O Mahārśi, you have affectionately explained about the incarnations of Planets. Now kindly tell me in detail their characters and dispositions.

शृणु विप्र प्रवक्ष्यामि भग्रहाणां परिस्थितिम्‌। आकाशे यानि दृश्यन्ते ज्योतिर्बिम्बात्यनेकशः॥ २॥
तेषु नक्षत्रसंज्ञानि ग्रहसंज्ञानि कानिचित्‌। तानि नक्षत्रनामानि स्थिरस्थानानि यानि चै॥ ३॥

2-3. Parāśara: O Brahmin, listen to the account of placement of the heavenly bodies. Out of the many luminous bodies sighted in the skies some are stars, yet some are Planets. Those, that have no movements, are the Nakshatras (asterisms).

गच्छन्तो भानि गृह्णन्ति सततं ये तु ते ग्रहः। भचक्रस्य नगश्व्यंशा अश्विन्यादिसमाह्वयाः॥ ४॥
तद्‌द्वादशविभागास्तु तुल्य मेषादिसंज्ञकाः। प्रसिद्धा राशयः सन्ति ग्रहास्त्वर्कादिसंज्ञकाः॥ ५॥
राशीनामुदयो लग्नं तद्वशादेव जन्मिनाम्‌। ग्रहयोग्वियोगाभ्यां फलं चिन्त्यं शुभाशुभम्‌॥ ६॥

4-6. Those are called Planets, which move through the Nakshatras (or stellar mansions) in the zodiac. The said zodiac comprises of 27 Nakshatras commencing from Ashvini. The same area is divided in 12 parts equal to 12 Rāśis commencing from Aries. The names of the Planets commence from Sun. The Rāśi rising is known, as Lagna. Based on Lagna and the Planets, joining and departing from each other, the natives good and bad effects are deducted.
Addition from Santhanam till Sloka 7. The names of the 27 Nakshatras are Ashvini, Bharani, Krittika, Rohini, Mrigasira, Ardra, Punarvasu, Pushya, Aslesha, Magha, Purvaphalguni, Uttaraphalguni, Hasta, Chitra, Swati, Vishaka, Anuradha, Jyeshtha, Mula, Purvashadh, Uttarashadh, Shravana, Dhanistha, Satabhisha, Purvabhadra, Uttarabhadra, Revati.
Lagna is a very important point in the horoscope. It is the Rāśi that rises in the East, on the latitude of birth. The apparent rising of a Rāśi is due to the rotation of the earth on its own axis at a rate of motion, causing every degree of the zodiac seemingly ascend on the eastern horizon. Approximately two hours are required for a Rāśi to pass via the horizon, thereby every degree taking four minutes to ascend. This duration, however, is actually dependent on the concerned latitude.
Actually Sun has no motion. His motion is an apparent one, as viewed from the rotating earth. Other Planets, including the nodes, have v6thed rates of motion. The average daily motions of the Planets, which are not, however standard, are, as follows: Sun 1, Moon 13-15, Mars30-45, Mercury 65-100, Venus 62-82, Jupiter 5-15, Saturn 2, Rahu/Ketu 3.
With such different motions, a Planet forms various Aspects with others. These Aspects through longitudinal distances have a great deal of utility in Jyotishya. This is what Mahārśi Parashara suggests to be considered.

संज्ञा नक्षत्रवृन्दानां ज्ञेयाः सामान्यशास्त्रतः। एतच्छास्त्रानुसारेण राशिखेटफलं ब्रुवे॥ ७॥
यस्मिन्‌ काले यतः खेटा यान्ति दृग्‌गणितैकताम्‌। तत एव स्फुटाः कार्याः दिक्कालौ च स्फुटौ विद॥ ८॥
स्वस्वदेशोद्‌भवैः साध्यं लग्नं राश्युदयैः स्फुटम्‌। अथादौ वच्मि खेटानां जातिरूपगुणानहम्‌॥ ९॥
अथ खेटा रविश्चन्द्रो मङ्गलश्च बुधस्तथा। गुरुः शुक्रः शनी राहुः केतुश्चैते यथाक्रमम्‌॥ १०॥
तत्रार्कशनिभूपुत्राः क्षीणेन्दुराहुकेतवः। क्रूराः शेषग्रहा सौम्याः क्रूरः क्रूरयुतो बुधः॥ ११॥

7. Details (of astronomical nature) of stars have to be understood by general rules, while I narrate to you about the effects of Planets and Rāśis.
8-9. The positions of the Planets for a given time be taken, as per Drikganit. And with the help of Rāśi durations, applicable to the respective places, Lagna at birth should be known. Now, I tell you about the castes, descriptions and dispositions of the Planets.
10. Names of Planets. The names of the nine Planets, respectively, are Sun, Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, Saturn, Rahu and Ketu.
11. Benefics and Malefics. Among these, Sun, Saturn, Mars, decreasing Moon, Rahu and Ketu (the ascending and the descending nodes of Moon) are malefics, while the rest are benefics. Mercury, however, is a malefic, if he joins a malefic.
Addition from Santhanam till Sloka

सर्वात्मा च दिवानाथो मनः कुमुदबान्धवः। सत्त्वं कुजो बुधैः प्रोक्तो बुधो वाणीप्रदायकः॥ १२॥
देवेज्यो ज्ञानसुखदो भृगुर्वीर्यप्रदयकः। ऋषिभिः प्राक्‌तनैः प्रोक्तश्छायासूनुश्च दुःखदः॥ १३॥
रविचन्द्रौ तु राजानौ नेता ज्ञेयो धरात्मजः। बुधो राजकुमारश्च सचिवौ गुरुभार्गवौ॥ १४॥
प्रेष्यको रविपुत्रश्च सेना स्वर्भानुपुच्छकौ। एवं क्रमेण वै विप्र सूर्यादीन्‌ प्रविचिन्तयेत्‌॥ १५॥
रक्तश्यामो दिवाधीशो गौरगात्रो निशाकरः। नात्युच्चाङ्गः कुजो रक्तो दूर्वाश्यामो बुधस्तथा॥ १६॥
गौरगात्रो गुरुर्ज्ञेयः शुक्रः श्यावस्तथैव च। कृष्णदेहो रवेः पुत्रो ज्ञायते द्विजसत्तम॥ १७॥
वह्न्यम्बुशिखिजा विष्णुविढौजः शचिका द्विज। सूर्यादीनां खगानां च देवा ज्ञेयाः क्रमेण च॥ १८॥

12-13. When Moon is ahead of Sun, but within 120, she has medium strength. Between 120 to 240 she is very auspicious,( see Atishubhapred). From 240 to 0 she is bereft of strength. This is Yavana’s view; vide P. 70 of my English Translation of Saravali. This view is, however, related to Moon’s strength, or otherwise, while the waning Moon (Krishna Paksha, dark half) is a malefic and waxing Moon (Shukla Paksha, bright half) is a benefic. Should Moon be conjunct with a benefic, or receiving a Aspect from a benefic, she turns a benefic, even if in a waning state. As regards Mercury, we have clear instructions from Mahārśi Parashara, that he becomes a malefic, if he joins a malefic. If waning Moon and Mercury are together, both are benefics.
12-13. Planet governances. Sun is the soul of all. Moon is the mind. Mars is ones strength. Mercury is speech-giver, while Jupiter confers Knowledge and happiness. Venus governs semen (potency), while Saturn denotes grief.
14-15. Planet cabinet. Of royal status are Sun and Moon, while Mars is the Army chief. Prince-apparent is Mercury. The ministerial Planets are Jupiter and Venus. Saturn is a servant. Rahu and Ketu form the Planet Army.
16-17. Complexions of Planets. Sun is blood-red. Moon is tawny. Mars, who is not very tall is blood-red, while Mercury’s hue is akin to that of green grass. Tawny, v6thegated and dark are Jupiter, Venus and Saturn in their order.
18. Deities of Planets. Fire (Agni) (?), Water (Varuna), Subrahmanya (Lord Shiva’s son, following Ganesha), Maha Vishnu, Indra, Shachi Devi (the consort of Lord Indra) and Brahma (?) are the presiding deities of the 7 Planets in their order.

क्लीवौ द्वौ सौम्यसौरी च युवतीन्दुभृगू द्विज। नराः शेषाश्च विज्ञेया भानुर्भौमो गुरुस्तथा॥ १९॥
अग्निभूमिनभस्तोयवायवः क्रमतो द्विज। भौमादीनां ग्रहाणां च तत्त्वानीति यथाक्रमम्‌॥ २०॥
गुरुशुक्रौ विप्रवर्णौ कुजार्कौ क्षत्रियौ द्विज। शशिसोम्यौ वैश्यवर्णौ शनिः शूद्रो द्विजोत्तम्॥ २१॥
जीवसूर्येन्द्रवः सत्त्वं बुधशुक्रौ रजस्तथा। सूर्यपुत्रभरापुत्रौ तमःप्रकृतिकौ द्विज॥ २२॥
मधुपिङ्गलदृक्सूर्यश्चतुरस्रः शुचिर्द्विज। पित्तप्रकृतिको धीमान्‌ पुमानल्पकचो द्विज॥ २३॥
बहुवातकफः प्राज्ञश्चन्द्रो वृत्ततनुर्द्विज। शुभदृङ्‌मधुवाक्यश्च चञ्चलो मदनातुरः॥ २४॥
क्रूरो रक्तेक्षणो भौमश्चपलोदारमूर्तिकः। पित्तप्रकृतिकः क्रोधी कृशमध्यतनुर्द्विज॥ २५॥

19. Gender of the Planets. Mercury and Saturn are neuters. Moon and Venus are females, while Sun, Mars and Jupiter are males.
20. Primordial compounds. Jupiter, Saturn, Mars, Venus and Mercury, respectively govern the Panchabhutas, space, air, fire, water and earth.
21. Castes of Planets. Jupiter and Venus are Brahmins. Sun is a royal Planet, while Moon and Mercury belong to commercial community. Saturn rules the Sudras (4th caste).
22. Nature of Planets. Sattvic Planets are the lumin6thes (Sun & Moon) and Jupiter, Venus and Mercury are Rajasik, while Mars and Saturn are Tamasic.
23. Description of Sun. Sun’s eyes are honey-colored. He has a square body. He is of clean habits, bilious, intelligent and has limited hair (on his head).
24. Description of Moon. Moon is very windy and phlegmatic. She is learned and has a round body. She has auspicious looks and sweet speech, is fickle-minded and very lustful.
25. Description of Mars. Mars has blood-red eyes, is fickle-minded, liberal, bilious, given to anger and has thin waist and thin physique.

वपुःश्रेष्ठः श्लिष्टवाक्च ह्यतिहास्यरुचिर्बुधः। पित्तवान्‌ कफवान्‌ विप्र मारुतप्रकृतिस्तथा॥ २६॥
बृहद्‌गात्रो गुरुश्चैव पिङ्गलो मूर्द्धजेक्षणे। कफप्रकृतिको धीमान्‌ सर्वशास्त्रविशारदः॥ २७॥
सुखि कान्तवपु श्रेष्ठः सुलोचनो भृगोः सुतः। काव्यकर्ता कफाधिक्योऽनिलात्मा वक्रमूर्धजः॥ २८॥
कृश्दीर्घतनुः शौरिः पिङ्गदृष्ट्यनिलात्मकः। स्थूलदन्तोऽलसः पंगुः खररोमकचो द्विज॥ २९॥
धूम्राकारो नीलतनुर्वनस्थोऽपि भयंकरः। वातप्रकृतिको धीमान्‌ स्वर्भानुस्तत्समः शिखी॥ ३०॥
अस्थि रक्तस्तथा मज्जा त्वग्‌ वसा वीर्यमेव च। स्नायुरेषामधीशाश्च क्रमात्‌ सूर्यादयो द्विज॥ ३१॥
देवालयजलं वह्निक्रीडादीनां तथैव च। कोशशय्योत्कराणान्तु नाथां सूर्यादयः क्रमात्‌॥ ३२॥
अयनक्षणवारर्तुमासपक्षसमा द्विज। सूर्यादीनां क्रमाज्ज्ञेया निर्विशंकं द्विजोत्तम॥ ३३॥

26. Description of Mercury. Mercury is endowed with an attractive physique and the capacity to use words with many meanings. He is fond of jokes. He has a mix of all the three humors.
27. Description of Jupiter. Jupiter has a big body, tawny hair and tawny eyes, is phlegmatic, intelligent and learned in Shastras.
28. Description of Venus. Venus is charming, has a splendorous physique, is excellent or great in disposition, has charming eyes, is a poet, is phlegmatic and windy and has curly hair.
29. Description of Saturn. Saturn has an emaciated and long physique, has tawny eyes, is windy in temperament, has big teeth, is indolent and lame and has coarse hair.
30. Description of Rahu and Ketu. Rahu has smoky appearance with a blue mix physique. He resides in forests and is horrible. He is windy in temperament and is intelligent. Ketu is akin to Rahu.
31. Primary ingredients (or Sapta Dhatus). Bones, blood, marrow, skin, fat, semen and muscles are respectively denoted by the Planets: Sun, Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus and Saturn.
32. Abodes of the Planets. Temple, watery place, place of fire, sport-ground, treasure-house, bed-room and filthy ground: these are, respectively, the abodes for the seven Planets from Sun onward.
33. Planet periods. Ayan, Muhurta, a day (consisting day and night), Ritu, month, fortnight and year: these are the periods allotted to the Planets from Sun to Saturn.

कटुक्षारतिक्तमिश्रमधुराम्लकषायकाः। क्रमेण सर्वे विज्ञेयाः सूर्यादीनां रसा इति॥ ३४॥
बुधेज्यौ बलिनौ पूर्वे रविभौमौ च दक्षिणे। पश्चिमे सूर्यपुत्रश्च सितचन्द्रौ तथोत्तरे॥ ३५॥
निशायां बलिनश्चन्द्रकुजसौरा भवन्ति हि। सर्वदा ज्ञो बली ज्ञेयो दिने शेषा द्विजोत्तम॥ ३६॥
कृष्णे च बलिनः क्रूराः सौम्या वीर्ययुताः सिते। सौम्यायने सौम्यखेटो बली याम्यायनेऽपरः॥ ३७॥
वर्षमासाहहोराणां पतयो बलिनस्तथा। शमंबुगुशुचंराद्या वृद्धितो वीर्यवत्तरः॥ ३८॥
सूर्ये जनयति स्थूलान्‌ दुर्भगान्‌ सूर्यपुत्रकः। क्षीरोपेतांस्तथा चन्द्रः कटुकाद्यान्‌ धरासुतः॥ ३९॥
पुष्पवृक्षं भृगोः पुत्रे गुरुज्ञौ सफलाफलौ। नीरसान्‌ सूर्यपुत्रश्च एवं ज्ञेयाः खगा द्विज॥ ४०॥

34. Tastes of the Planets. Pungent, saline, bitter, mixed, sweet, acidulous and astringent are, respectively, tastes lorded by Sun, Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus and Saturn.
35-38. Strengths of Planets. Strong in the East are Mercury and Jupiter. Sun and Mars are so in the South, while Saturn is the only Planet, that derives strength in the West. Moon and Venus are endowed with vigor, when in the North. Again, strong during night are Moon, Mars and Saturn, while Mercury is strong during day and night. The rest (i.e. Jupiter, Sun and Venus) are strong only in daytime. During the dark half malefics are strong. Benefics acquire strength in the bright half of the month. Malefics and benefics are, respectively, strong in Dakshinayan and Uttarayan. The Lords of the year, month, day and Hora (hour of Planet) are stronger than the other in ascending order. Again, stronger than the other in the ascending are Saturn, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, Moon and Sun.
39-40. Related to trees. Sun rules strong trees (i.e. trees with stout trunks), Saturn useless trees, Moon milky trees (and rubber yielding plants), Mars bitter ones (like lemon plants), Venus floral plants, Jupiter fruitful ones and Mercury fruitless ones.

राहुश्चाण्डालजातिश्च केतुर्जात्यन्तरस्तथा। शिखिस्वर्भानुमन्दानां वल्मीकः स्थानमुच्यते॥ ४१॥
चित्रकन्था फनीन्द्रस्य केतुश्छिद्रयुतो द्विज। सीसं रहोर्नीलमणिः केतोर्ज्ञेयो द्विजोत्तम॥ ४२॥
गुरोः पीताम्बरं विप्र भृगोः क्षौमं तथैव च। रक्तक्षौमं भास्करस्य इन्दोः क्षौमं सितं द्विज॥ ४३॥
बुधस्य कृष्णक्षौमं तु रक्तवस्त्रं कुजस्य च। वस्त्रं चित्रं शनेर्विप्र पट्‌तवस्त्रं तथैव च॥ ४४॥
भृगोरृतुर्वसन्तश्च कुजभान्वोश्च ग्रीष्मकः। चन्द्रस्य वर्षा विज्ञेया शरच्चैव तथा विदः॥ ४५॥
हेमन्तोऽपि गुरोर्ज्ञेयः शनेस्तु शिशिरो द्विज। अष्टौ मासाश्च स्वर्भानोः केतोर्मासत्रयं द्विज॥ ४६॥
राह्वारपंगुचन्द्रश्च विज्ञेया धातुखेचराः। मूलग्रहौ सूर्यशुक्रौ अपरा जीवसंज्ञकाः॥ ४७॥
ग्रहेषु मन्दो वृद्धोऽस्ति आयुर्वृद्धिप्रदायकः। नैसर्गिके बहुसमान्‌ ददाति द्विजसत्तम॥ ४८॥
मेषो वृषो मृगः कन्या कर्को मीनस्तथा तुला। सूर्यादीनां क्रमादेते कथिता उच्चराश्यः॥ ४९॥
भागा दश त्रयोऽष्टाश्व्यस्तिथ्योऽक्षा भमिता नखाः। उच्चात्‌ सप्तमभं नीचं तैरेवांशैः प्रकीर्तितम्‌॥ ५०॥

41-44. Other matters. Rahu rules the outcaste, while Ketu governs mixed caste. Saturn and the nodes indicate ant-hills. Rahu denotes multi-coloured clothes and Ketu rags. Lead and blue gem belong to Rahu and Ketu. Sun, Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus and Saturn in their order govern red silken, white silken, red, black silken, saffron, silken and multi-coloured robes.
45-46. Seasons of Planets. Vasanta, Greeshma, Varsh, Sarad, Hemanta and Sisir are the six Ritus (or seasons), respectively, governed by Venus, Mars, Moon, Mercury, Jupiter and Saturn. Rahu and Ketu denote 8 months and 3 months, respectively.
47. Dhatu, Mool and Jiva Divisions. Dhatu Planets are Rahu, Mars, Saturn and Moon, while Sun and Venus are Mula Planets. Mercury, Jupiter and Ketu rule Jivas.
48. Age. Out of all the Planets Saturn is the eldest. He bestows maximum number of years in Naisargik Dasha.
49-50. Exaltation and Debilitation. For the seven Planets, from Sun on, the exaltation Rāśis are, respectively, Aries, Taurus, Capricorn, Virgo, Cancer, Pisces and Libra. The deepest exaltation degrees are, respectively, 10, 3, 28, 15, 5, 27 and 20 in those Rāśis. And in the seventh Rāśi from the said exaltation Rāśi each Planet has its own debilitation. The same degrees of deep exaltation apply to deep fall.

रवेः सिम्हे नखांशाश्च त्रिकोणमपरे स्वभम्‌। उच्चमिन्दोर्वृषे त्र्यंशास्त्रिकोणमपरेंऽशकाः॥ ५१॥
मेषेऽर्कांशास्तु भौमस्य त्रिकोणमपरे स्वभम्‌। उच्चं बुधस्य कन्यायामुक्तं पञ्चदशांशकाः॥ ५२॥
ततः पञ्चांशकाः प्रोक्तं त्रिकोणमपरे स्वभम्‌। चापे दशांशा जीवस्य त्रिकोणमपरे स्वभम्‌॥ ५३॥
तुले शुक्रस्य तिथ्यंशास्त्रिकोणमपरे स्वभम्‌। शनेः कुम्भे नखांशाश्च त्रिकोणमपरे स्वभम्‌॥ ५४॥
त्रिकोणात्‌ स्वात्‌सुखस्वाऽन्त्यधीधर्मायुःस्वतुङ्गपाः। सुहृदो रिपवश्वान्वे समाश्चोभयलक्षणाः॥ ५५॥
दशवन्ध्वायसहजस्वान्त्यस्थास्तु परस्परम्‌। तत्काले मित्रतां यान्ति रिपवोऽन्यत्र संस्थिताः॥ ५६॥
तत्काले च निसर्गे च मित्रं चेदधिमित्रकम्‌। मित्रं मित्रसमत्वे तु शत्रुः शत्रुसमत्वके॥ ५७॥
समो मित्ररिपुत्वे तु शत्रुत्वे त्वधिशत्रुता। एवं विविच्य दैवज्ञो जातकस्य फलं वदेत्‌॥ ५८॥
स्वोच्चे शुभं फलं पूर्ण त्रिकोणे पादवर्जितम्‌। स्वर्क्षेऽर्धं मित्रगेहे तु पादमात्रं प्रकीर्तितम्‌॥ ५९॥
पादार्धं समभे प्रोक्तं शून्यं नीचास्तशत्रुभे। तद्वद्‌दुष्टफलं ब्रूयद्‌ व्यत्ययेन विचक्षणः॥ ६०॥

51-54. Additional Dignities. In Leo the first 20 degrees are Sun’s Moolatrikona, while the rest is his own House. After the first 3 degrees of exaltation portion in Taurus, for Moon, the rest is her Moolatrikona. Marsh as the first 12 degrees in Aries, as Moolatrikona with the rest therein becoming simply his own House. For Mercury, in Virgo the first 15 degrees are exaltation zone, the next 5 degrees Moolatrikona and the last 10 degrees are own House. The first one third of Sagittarius is the Moolatrikona of Jupiter, while the remaining part thereof is his own House. Venus divides Libra into two halves keeping the first, as Moolatrikona and the second, as own House. Saturn’s arrangements are same in Aquarius, as Sun has in Leo.
55. Natural Relationships. Note the Rāśis, which are the 2nd, 4th, 5th, 8th, 9th and 12th from the Moolatrikona of a Planet. The Planets ruling such Rāśis are its friends, apart from the Lord of its exaltation Rāśi. Lords other than these are its enemies. If a Planet becomes its friend as well, as its enemy (on account of the said two computations), then it is neutral, or equal.
56. Temporary Relationships. The Planet, posited in the 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 10th, 11th, or the 12th from another, becomes a mutual friend. There is enmity otherwise. (This applies to a given Janm Kundali)
57-58. Compound Relationship. Should two Planets be naturally and tempor6thly friendly, they become extremely friendly. Friendship on one count and neutrality on another count make them friendly. Enmity on one count combined with affinity on the other turns into equality. Enmity and neutral-ship cause only enmity. Should there be enmity in both manners, extreme enmity is obtained. The astrologer should consider these and declare horoscope effects accordingly.
59-60. Ratio of Effects. A Planet in exaltation gives fully good effects, while in Moolatrikona it is bereft of its auspicious effects by one fourth. It is half beneficial in its own House. Its beneficence is one fourth in a friendly Rāśi. In an equals Rāśi one eighth of auspicious disposition is useful. The good effects are nil in debilitation, or enemy’s camp. Inauspicious effects are quite reverse with reference to what is stated.

त्र्यंशाढ्यविश्वभागैश्च चतुर्भैः सहितो रविः। धूमो नाम महादोषः सर्वकर्मविनाशकः॥ ६१॥
धूमो मण्डलतः शुद्धो व्यतीपातोऽत्र दोषदः। सषद्‌भोऽत्र व्यतीपातः परिवेषोऽतिदोषकृत्‌॥ ६२॥
परिवेषश्च्युतश्चक्रादिन्द्रचापस्तु दोषदः। वित्र्यंशास्यष्टिभागाध्यश्चापः केतुखगोऽशुभः॥ ६३॥
एकराशियुतः केतुः सूर्यतुल्यः प्रजायते। अप्रकाशग्रहाश्चैते पापा दोषप्रदाः स्मृताः॥ ६४॥
सूर्येन्दुलग्नगेष्वेषु वंशायुर्ज्ञाननाशनम्‌। इति धूमादिदोषाणां स्थितिः पद्‌मासनोदिता॥ ६५॥
रविवारादिशन्यन्तं गुलिकादि निरूप्यते। दिवसानष्टधा भक्त्वा वारेशाद्‌ गणेयत्‌ क्रमात्‌॥ ६६॥
अष्ट्मोंऽशो निरीशः स्याच्छन्यंशो गुलिकःस्मृतः। रात्रिमप्यष्टधा कृत्वा वारेशात्‌ पञ्चमादितः॥ ६७॥
गणयेदष्टमः खण्डो निष्यतिः परिकीर्तितः। श्न्यंशो गुलिकः प्रोक्तो रव्यंशः कालसंज्ञकः॥ ६८॥
भौमांशो मृत्युरादिष्टो गुर्वंशो यमघण्ट्कः। सोम्यांशोऽर्धप्रहरकः स्वस्वदेशोद्‌भवः स्फुटः॥ ६९॥
गुलिकेष्टवशाल्लग्नं स्फुटं यत्‌ स्वस्वदेशजम्‌। गुलिकं प्रोच्यते तस्माज्जातकस्य फलं वदेत्‌॥ ७०॥

61-64. Non-luminous Upa Grahas (Sub-Planets). Add 4 Rāśis 13 degrees and 20 minutes of arc to Sun’s longitude at a given moment to get the exact position of the all inauspicious Dhoom. Reduce Dhoom from 12 Rāśis to arrive at Vyatipat. Vyatipat is also inauspicious. Add six Rāśis to Vyatipat to know the position of Prithvesh. He is extremely inauspicious. Deduct P6thvesh from 12 Rāśis to arrive at the position of Chap (Indra 2ndus), who is also inauspicious. Add 16 degrees 40 minutes to Chap, which will give Ketu (UpaKetu), who is a malefic. By adding a Rāśi to UpaKetu, you get the original longitude of Sun. These are the Planets, devoid of splendor, which are malefics by nature and cause affliction.
65. Effects of Sub-Planets. If one of these afflicts Sun, the natives dynasty will decline, while Moon and Lagna, respectively, associated with one of these, will destroy the longevity and wisdom. So declared Lord Brahma, the Lotus-Born.
66-69. Calculations of Gulika etc. The portions of Sun etc. up to Saturn denote the periods of Gulika and others. Divide the day duration (of any week day) into eight equal parts. The eighth portion is Lord-less. The seven portions are distributed to the seven Planets commencing from the Lord of the week day. Whichever portion is ruled by Saturn, will be the portion of Gulika. Similarly make the night duration into eight equal parts and distribute these, commencing from the Lord of the 5th (by) week. Here again, the eighth portion is Lord-less, while Saturn’s portion is Gulika. Sun’s portion is Kaal, Mars’s portion is Mrityu, Jupiter’s portion is Yamaghantak and Mercury’s portion is Ardhaprahar. These durations differently apply to different places (commensurate with v6thable day and night durations).
70. Gulika’s Position. The degree, ascending at the time of start of Gulika’s portion (as above), will be the longitude of Gulika at a given place. Based on this longitude only, Gulika’s effects for a particular nativity be estimated.

भांशपादसमैः प्राणैश्चराद्यर्कत्रिकोणभात्‌। उदयादिष्टकालान्तं यद्‌भं प्राणपदं हि तत्‌॥ ७१॥
स्वेष्टकालं पलीकृत्य तिथ्याप्तं भादिकं च यत्‌। चरागद्विभसंस्थेऽर्के भनौ युङ्‌ नवमे सुते॥ ७२॥
स्फुटं प्राणपदाख्यं तल्लग्नं ज्ञेयं द्विजोत्तम। लग्नाद्‌ द्विकोणे तुर्ये च राज्ये प्राणपदं तदा॥ ७३॥
शुभं जन्म विजानीयात्तथैवैकादशेऽपि च। अन्यस्थाने स्थितं चेत्‌ स्यात्‌ तदा जन्माशुभं वदेत्‌॥ ७४॥

71-74. Calculation of Pranapad. Convert the given time into Vighatis and divide the same by 15. The resultant Rāśi, degrees etc. be added to Sun, if he is in a Movable Rāśi, which will yield Pranapad. If Sun is in a Fixed Rāśi, add 240 degrees additionally and, if in a Dual Rāśi, add 120 degrees in furtherance to get Pranapad. The birth will be auspicious, if Pranapad falls in the 2nd, 5th, 9th, 4th, 10th, or 11th from the natal Lagna. In other Houses Pranapad indicates an inauspicious birth.
Notes by Santanam. Ardhaprahar, Yamaghantak, Mrityu, Kaal and Gulika are the 5 Kaal Velas, suggested by Mahārśi Parashara. The day duration, according to altitude, is divided into eight equal parts. The eighth portion is unlorded. The first portion is allotted to the weekday Lord. Other portions follow in the order of weekday Lords. We consider 5 portions of Planets, ignoring that of Moon and Venus. The portions of Sun, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter and Saturn are, respectively, called Kaal, Mrityu, Ardhaprahar, Yamaghantak and Gulika.
In the case of night the durations, or 1/8th parts are allotted in a different order. The first portion goes to the Planet, ruling the 5th weekday Lord, counted from the day in question. The others follow in the usual order. Here again, the 8th part is Lord-less. The portions of Planets from Kaal to Gulika are the same in nomenclature in the night also.
Jatakalankaram gives Rāśis of dignities for these UpaPlanets and Gulika etc.: Exaltation, Debilitation, Swakshetra (own Rāśi)) Dhoom: Leo, Aquarius, Capricorn; Vyatipat: Scorpio, Taurus, Gemini; Parivesh: Gemini, Sagittarius, Sagittarius; Indrachap: Sagittarius, Gemini, Cancer; UpaKetu: Aquarius, Leo, Cancer; Gulika: Aquarius; Yamaghantak: - Sagittarius; Ardhaprahar: - Gemini; Kaal: - Capricorn; Mrityu: Scorpio. From Sun to Saturn no one is exalted in the above-mentioned exaltation Rāśis, nor debilitated in the above-mentioned debilitation Rāśis. Out of the 5 Kaal Velas, viz. Gulika etc., four except Kaal (related to Sun) have their own Rāśi system in the respective Rāśis, ruled by their fathers. Gulika, son of Saturn, has Aquarius, as his own House. Jupiter’s son, Yamaghantak, has it in Sagittarius. Ardhaprahar, Mercury’s son, is in own Rāśi, if in Gemini. Mrityu, son of Mars, has Scorpio, as own House. It is not known, why Kaal, a son of Sun shifted to Capricorn, a Rāśi of his brother (Saturn), leaving his fathers Leo. Obviously, Saturn has given his Moolatrikona to his son Gulika, while he gave Capricorn (a secondary Rāśi) to his brother Kaal.